Decontamination- the process of removing or destroying microorganisms with the goal of neutralization and protection.
The purpose of hand decontamination:
1 - remove decay products and microorganisms,
2 - ensure the infectious safety of the patient,
3 - provide a high level of frequency and personal hygiene,
4 - to delay the development of microorganisms for a short time.
A - cleaning: the process of removing foreign bodies from the surface of an object,
B - disinfection
B - sterilization.
Three levels of hand decontamination are distinguished.:
1 - Social level:
the method used in everyday life and by paramedics for mild hand contamination,
necessary: soap, water,
most transient microorganisms are washed away,
It is carried out before eating, after visiting toilets, after examining patients, etc.
- remove all jewelry, paper towel,
- free the forearm from the sleeves of the robe,
- check for skin damage (scratches, cracks) that must be sealed with adhesive tape after washing hands,
- turn on the water, soap the hands abundantly from the periphery to the center and treat the palms together with vigorous mechanical friction for
10 sec., Then rinse under a running stream of water in the same direction, wipe your hands dry with a paper towel.
2 - Hygiene level:
hand washing using antiseptic agents:
1) antiseptic soap (3 min.),
2) skin antiseptic (2 min.),
necessary: soap, water, antiseptic, paper towel,
a more effective method of removing and destroying microorganisms,
performed before invasive procedures, before caring for a patient with weakened immunity, before and after caring for a wound and urinary catheter, before and after using gloves, after contact with body fluids, and after possible microbial contamination, etc.
1) palm on palm
2) the palm of one hand on the back of the hand of the other hand, change hands,
3) palm to palm, fingers intertwined,
4) the bent fingers of one hand are in the palm of the other hand,
5) the thumb of one hand is in the squeezed palm of the other hand,
6) the compressed fingers of one hand in the palm of the other hand.
Skin antiseptics are applied to dry hands (on dry skin, their antimicrobial effect increases.
3 - Surgical level:
a method of treating hands, in which the hands of health workers are treated with drugs that destroy microorganisms, regardless of their pathogenicity.
If hygienic hand washing with soap and water is not available, then you can treat them with 3-5 ml of a skin antiseptic (based on 70% alcohol) for 2 minutes.
Hand washing options depending on the type of tap valves:
When using the "elbow" valve at the crane, open and close the valve with the elbow, hands do not contact the valve.
When using a crane with two valves, open them with your hand or clean paper, and close with clean paper or a napkin.
After a single wash, soap the hands and both valves, wash off the foam from the hands and valves and soap again, wash off the foam and close both valves.
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How to protect yourself and loved ones from pathogenic microbes?
From childhood, mothers tell us about the importance of washing our hands before eating, after walking and before going to bed. And we no longer doubt the whole importance of this process, which, thanks to our parents, has been brought to automatism in us. In childhood, we did not particularly think about how and how to wash our hands, but it turns out that hand hygiene is one of the most important measures to prevent illness! So how do you properly maintain hand hygiene to protect yourself from bacteria and viruses? And most importantly - with what?
Infectious diseases - flu, colds, and gastrointestinal upsets - often spread through dirty hands. Some diseases are called “dirty hands disease”. And all because even despite the proven benefits of handwashing, many people often neglect this procedure. But during the day on hand is a lot of different pathogens!
The problem of proper hand washing has taken on a worldwide scale and is relevant even for the countries of Europe, not to mention the developing countries of Africa and Southeast Asia. Doctors recommend paying attention to the quality of hand washing. It should cover the entire brush, and with special care, the gaps between the fingers should be cleaned, where bacteria often accumulate. Ideally, you should wash your hands with soft water, for example, passed through a filter or boiled. And in places where there is no means for washing hands and water, it is necessary to disinfect hands with special antiseptic agents. These include, for example, Sanitelle, an alcohol-based antiseptic hand gel. It is used to prevent the transmission of pathogenic microorganisms, to comply with the basic rules of hand hygiene in places where water and soap are not available.
By the way, doctors consider Sanitelle the most reliable way to prevent dangerous microbes from getting into the human body. The gel contains 62% alcohol, due to which during the treatment of hands it destroys many different types of bacteria, including even microorganisms resistant to antibiotics, as well as tuberculosis microbacteria. Using Sanitelle will reduce the risk of infection with influenza viruses and SARS, as it is much more effective than wet wipes and any other antibacterial drugs. The alcohol included in the gel is able to instantly destroy 99.99% of bacteria and viruses on human skin, while the process of processing the hands lasts less than 15 seconds. This tool does not pose a threat to the "good" germs that are present on the skin. The aloe extract included in the gel moisturizes and gently cares for the skin of the hands, and the antioxidant vitamin E prevents aging of the skin.
The main objective of the tool is the destruction of a wide range of pathogenic microbes, moisturizing and softening the skin of the hands. The gel is easy to use, safe. This makes it indispensable both at home, and in public places, and traveling. Remember that in the autumn-winter period, when the risk of spreading viral diseases increases, the use of antibacterial agents becomes especially important. After all, hand hygiene is the main way to protect yourself and your loved ones from unwanted colds and unpleasant consequences.