Health Information

Dr. Komarovsky about children's hair and whether it is necessary to cut a child in a year bald


The closer the anniversary, the more often I hear questions from some of my friends, acquaintances and relatives, "Will you shave in a year", "how not? So the hair will grow better. ” where do some people get this nonsense in my head ...

And I came across an article on this topic:
Why do children get their hair cut per year?

Young and inexperienced mothers very often, in matters of parenting and childcare, listen to the advice of their mothers and grandmothers. It is they who recommend that mothers not to cut their children for up to a year, but to cut their hair baldly a year. What these tips are based on and whether they correspond to reality, we will tell in this article.

Why can not cut a child up to a year? If you believe the national signs, then children up to a year can’t be cut, because during this period of life they are very closely connected with the mother of the invisible umbilical cord. Trimming the hair of such a small child means cutting the umbilical cord connecting them. It is believed that after such an intervention, the child becomes painful and loses his luck. Also, the ban on cutting hair in children up to a year is associated with the fear of injuring the baby. Firstly, the children are not diligent, and secondly, the little thing is still not overgrown. There are cases when young children have thick hair and grow very quickly. Such a hair can well get into the child’s eyes and interfere with him, master the world around him. In this case, the child can be cut up to a year. This should be done very carefully so as not to injure the child. It is better if the mother has an assistant who will distract the baby from the process with toys. Why do children need to be cut very shortly per year? There is an opinion that a child should be cut very shortly in a year so that in the future he has thick hair. However, hair cutting in a small child does not subsequently affect the amount of hair. Visually, the effect that the haircut made the hair thicker is created due to the fact that they begin to grow evenly. While the child spends a lot of time lying down and sleeps several times a day, his hair partially rolls out. Due to the difference in their length in certain parts of the head, it may seem that they are rare and thin. Is it necessary to cut the child in a year should be decided by the parents themselves, based on the condition in which the baby’s hair is. If they are uneven branches, then you need to cut, in order to straighten them. If the hair grows evenly and their length doesn’t interfere with it at all, you can also postpone the haircut process. Do you have to cut the child every year? And if you don’t want to - how to argue with grandmothers?

Cheat sheet for young parents.One of the most stable and widespread long-standing traditions is a universal haircut “under zero” of one-year-old children, regardless of gender and religion. Few of the young parents manage to save their children from this execution, organized under the strict guidance of their grandmother. And then it remains, pouring tears on the bald skull of the crumbs, to comfort yourself with the thought that this was done exclusively for his good ... Stop! I do not want to cut - do not! And we will help to resist prejudice. What is special about the first hair of a child. It has been noticed that it is much easier for a debater who is knowledgeable in scientific facts to defeat his opponent, especially if she (read “grandmother”) crushes her parental authority. Therefore, we give some important information. “Why shave a child’s hair a year?” What people use to call hair is, in fact, only a rod that has almost become dead. Its main part - the onion - is hidden deep in the skin. The number of bulbs, their lifespan, color, structure and thickness of the hair rods growing from them - this is primarily a genetic feature. No hair masks, hair vitamins or ritual haircuts can make even a rare gun appear where there are no hair follicles. And if destined to live with straight hair, then curly hair will turn out only after curling. As a rule, children with hair of different lengths are born: from a barely noticeable hedgehog to curly curls. And tender young blondes, and sultry crumbs - brunettes are united by one thing: their hair reminds fluff. Fluffy hair is very thin, soft, easily rolled out and grows slowly. After falling out, they are replaced by new hairs, which, as the bulbs mature, become harder, thicker and often change color. This process of turning the gun into an "adult" hairstyle proceeds gradually, taking up to 5 years. If you cut your hair, it will only become somewhat more noticeable to others, but it will not affect the maturation rate of the hair bulb. In the skin of the baby there are many "dormant" bulbs, from which the hair rods begin to grow after birth. This explains the fact that as children grow older, their hair often (but not always!) Becomes thicker. Grandmothers, proving the benefits of a haircut, are comparing this phenomenon with shaving in men. Indeed, if for many years daily! mercilessly scrub the barely overgrown stubble, it will become tougher. But what does this have to do with a one-time ritual over an innocent baby ?! Well, the last. Throughout a person’s life, hair follicles are exposed to many damaging factors. Stresses, overdrying, high blood pressure, hypothermia and high temperatures, fungal and microbial infections, hormonal shakes, chemical reagents in paints and curlers, harmful emissions from industrial plants, some medicines - this is an incomplete list of reasons why the hair may thin out, thin out , or even fall out completely. And no haircut in this case will help if you do not eliminate the true cause of alopecia and treat the bulbs. Let's analyze the main arguments of grandmothers:
1. Because the child has bad hair. Not bad, but cannon. What kind of hair the child will really have in the future - time will tell.

2. Because the hair of a child does not grow well. Grow - only slower, as expected

3. Because the child has little hair on his head. Did grandmothers see an angel with a thick and stiff brush on the back of the head? And how to fly with such a burden?

4. Because the hair falls out strongly in the child. Yes, the fluffy hair rolls out really faster than the "adult". But if the bulb is still immature, after a loss or a haircut, a tender and thin shaft will grow back.

A child can not be cut up to a year ?!

Often you can meet a baby with his favorite poodle hairstyle: on the top of the head with a decorative elastic band from his forehead and temples, a high bunch is collected. So mothers try to reach the first birthday in the case when children are born with long hair. Indeed, popular beliefs prohibit cutting a baby under the age of one year. So you have to fix a strongly grown bang so, remembering Pushkin’s great fairy tale: “The tsarina gave birth to either a son or a daughter on the night ...” And try not to pay attention to the bald head that rolled out on the back of the head, bordered around with long hair. Why do children get their hair cut in a year, and not earlier? Here are the most common signs that grandmothers scare: cut your hair - shorten your life to cut your hair - find eternal poverty, the shorter the hair, the less health. Listening to terrible prophecies, it is important not to lose one’s head and remember that 100 years ago, due to half-starving existence, hard labor and inaccessibility of poorly developed medical care, the average life expectancy barely reached 40 years, and the highest mortality was observed precisely before the age of 1 year. Therefore, our poorly educated ancestors tried by any means to save children from death by inventing different beliefs. Whether to cut the hair of the child, and at what age - the parents decide. The main thing is to listen to your own heart, and not the insistent demands of grandmothers. The child is one year old: to shave or not to shave? Is it necessary to shave a child's baldness in a year? At first glance, a funny question, but it constantly causes heated debate. Usually grandmothers advocate shaving - we de shaved our own, and everything is fine, otherwise the hair will be bad. Against shaving, young mothers are more likely to vote, especially mothers of girls who consider shaving as a bullying a mockery of a child and generally a procedure that does not make sense. Let's try to figure this out.

1. To shave (not to cut, but to shave) the child's hair baldness in a year is necessary so that the hair is thick. In fact, each person has a certain amount of hair follicles on his head determined by heredity. None of the types of haircuts or shaving will not be able to increase or decrease their number, change their structure or color - the hair will be what the child’s genes are determined to be.

2. Why do some parents say that after shaving, the children grew thick beautiful hair? The fact is that at the age of about a year in children there is a natural change of hair. Cutting or shaving speeds up this process a bit, so it may seem that your hair is better. In fact, they would have become the same without a haircut and shaving, only a couple of months later.

3. Shaving a child in a year is a tradition; there is nothing wrong with observing it. Our ancestors were not stupid, since they came up with this for something. Our ancestors were not stupid, but gave rise to a huge number of superstitions. The rite of mowing children a year is rooted in antiquity, in fact, in pagan times. Then the boys were with their mothers for up to a year, then they were transferred to the education of men - father or uncles, who were supposed to teach the child military business, hunting and all other men's activities. The hair of many nations is considered a symbol of rebellion, rebellion. Therefore, the boys were shortly cut as a sign that they were becoming obedient to their father. By the first year of life, when the child began to walk, in some places it was considered necessary to break the fetters, cut the umbilical cord from the raw earth. This is the spiritual umbilical cord that our ancestors considered hair. This is another reason for the tradition of cutting children around the age of one year. This procedure did not have a cosmetic, but a sacred meaning. Trichologists (specialists in the study of hair problems) argue that the hair follicle in a person is fully formed only by the age of 12. They say that in no case can young children be shaved and sheared with a machine - you can easily damage immature hair follicles and hair, then in fact they will be bad. The hair of even an adult reacts very painfully to shaving - they become thinner from regular shaving. What then to say about the delicate hairs of children? Kids can only be trimmed gently once a month for a few millimeters, trimming all ugliness, but in no case do not shave! There are many cases when after inaccurate shaving in children, hair generally ceases to grow. In general, nutrition and lifestyle strongly influence hair quality.

About baby hair

Some babies are born with impressive hair, while others are almost bald. It depends on the congenital features, as well as on the rate of hair growth during fetal development. However, in the first months of life, partial loss of hair is considered normal, because the infant’s newborn hair gradually changes to more formed in structure.

The baby’s hair does not look like adults, because the medula is not developed in them - a small microscopic rod responsible for the main function of the hairline - heat preservation. Infant hairs thus do not warm his head at all. However, this is not a reason, according to Yevgeny Komarovsky, to put on her a few hats and bonnets. The baby will not freeze, because he has more active blood circulation. A quarter of the volume of blood feeds precisely the brain, and since this process is intense, then, first of all, the head sweats in the tots.

Myths and Truth

  • “Hair cannot be cut before the year” is a myth. If the child has thick hair, and the July heat is on the street and the head is sweating, then it is more hygienic and useful to cut the baby. No one has proved the connection between good luck in the future and the first infant curls, as well as the fact that it is through the hair that the emotional connection of the infant with the mother is carried out.
  • “A baby’s head needs to be washed more often with baby soap” - a rather dangerous myth, warns Yevgeny Komarovsky. Daily washing of the head with soap, even hypoallergenic, for children, can lead to hair loss, and not to their active growth. The doctor recommends washing your hair with detergents no more than once a week.

  • “You need to comb your baby more often” - a myth. Often combing, although it can be one of the children and give pleasure, injures the hair.
  • "Strengthening the hair should be decoctions of herbs" - a myth. Komarovsky calls it a commercially profitable rumor. It is beneficial for manufacturers and sellers of various products based on herbs and fees. Weak hair cannot be strengthened. You can not spoil them.

Should I cut my hair a year?

This question is most often asked to Evgeny Komarovsky. In families, real battles arise on this subject, because popes who are less susceptible to mystification do not attach due importance to the problem, and mothers experience this even more. Parents are interested not only in whether to cut the child a year, but also in where and how to properly utilize the hair of the peanut so that it is not jinxed, not “stolen life force”, not offended.

Mowing a one-year-old peanut in itself will not do much harm, says Yevgeny Komarovsky. But to rely on the fact that the hair begins to grow thick and curly, if up to a year they were thin and straight, is not worth it. Density and thickness of hair, their growth rate, texture and color - all this information was laid down at the genetic level long before the birth of a child.

As soon as the egg has been fertilized, the set of genes is strictly defined, and it implies everything - whether the baby will be brown-haired or blond, and whether his hair will be thick.

Accordingly, cutting or shaving baldness can not change anything in the genetic code, and therefore these manipulations do not affect the quality of the hair. Relatives may get the illusion that the hair has become stronger and thicker, because, according to Yevgeny Komarovsky, hair growing back after a haircut looks more voluminous and feels tougher by touch. But this is nothing more than an illusion. Therefore, cutting a year or not is up to the parents. If the baby is not cut, nothing bad will happen, just as no miracle will happen if it is cut.

Regarding where to put the cropped hair, Komarovsky advises to use maximum imagination. If you want to bury them under a pear in the garden in the full moon - please. If you want to burn, and scatter the ashes over the river - also no problem. Since medicine has not been proven that there is at least some connection between cut hair and the fate of the child. If you really want to find such a connection, it is better to address this issue with healers, magicians or shamans.

Why is the back of the head balding?

This is the second most popular question that Dr. Komarovsky has to answer. Many parents, and even pediatricians, claim that bald patches on the back of the head at the age of one year are a sign of rickets. Evgeny Komarovskaya claims that baldness of the occipital part of the head has nothing to do with rickets. Just a baby up to 6 months spends most of his life lying down. When he learns to twist his head around, he begins to actively use this new skill. Hair rubbing on the bed and just wiped off.

Do you wear hats and caps?

If the hair falls out all over the head, then the cause may be a lack of vitamins, poor nutrition, as well as chronic overheating of the scalp, which threatens all babies whose parents and grandmothers are used to wearing hats for sure. The bonnets should be removed so that the scalp begins to "breathe", then with a high degree of probability, nothing more will be needed, since the quality of the hair will soon noticeably improve and the loss will stop.

A hat should be avoided during the period of illness of the child. A bonnet at high temperatures can become very dangerous, because a child, according to Komarovsky, simply has nowhere to "dump" excess heat.

Possible problems

The list of pathological disorders in hair growth is quite large, but, according to Yevgeny Komarovsky, every mother should know:

  • ringworm (the hair falls out strongly, in some places the bald spots look like trimmed). A childhood infectious disease specialist should treat this fungal disease,
  • alopecia (hair falls out due to severe immune-allergic pathologies). With such baldness, hair roots are damaged. A pediatrician and an allergist will treat the disease,
  • obsessive movement syndrome and conditions (the child damages the hair mechanically - twisting it on the finger, tearing, plucking). He rarely needs treatment, often the neurosis goes away on its own, but the consultation of a pediatric neurologist, psychologist and psychiatrist will not interfere
  • stress, fears, emotional trauma (hair growth is disturbed at the biochemical level, as well as as a result of spasm of the vessels of the scalp). The problem should be addressed to the pediatrician and pediatric neurologist,

  • avitaminosis (deficiency of vitamins of group B and zinc is very important for hair loss). The problem should be contacted by a pediatrician,
  • hypervitaminosis (hair loss and brittleness as a result of an overdose of vitamins, in particular excessive consumption of vitamin A). Discussed with a pediatrician,
  • medicinal "side effects" (some medications cause problems with the condition of the hair). The phenomenon is temporary, it doesn’t need much treatment, but you can discuss it with your pediatrician,
  • hypothyroidism (the hairline suffers due to problems with the thyroid gland). Endocrinologist treats.

Tips by Dr. Komarovsky

The doctor advises not to exaggerate the problems associated with children's hair. For the first time, it is worth trimming the child when the growing hair begins to cause him or his relatives inconvenience. If you suspect a disease - immediately go to the doctor who knows why, how and why.

Dr. Komarovsky will talk about the problems that children with hair may have, as well as about common prejudices associated with hairline:

  • First haircut
  • Komarovsky about a haircut per year
  • 1 year development

medical observer, specialist in psychosomatics, mother of 4 children