An early pregnancy or first trimester lasts 13 obstetric weeks. Its countdown is from the first day of the last menstruation, after which the conception occurred. Many young mothers are perplexed why, at the first examination by a gynecologist, only a week after the delay, they are given a period of 5-6 weeks, although in fact the baby in the tummy is no more than 3.5-4 weeks.
The answer to this riddle is simple - the first month of pregnancy in medical practice lasts 6, rather than 4 calendar weeks, since those 14 days from the start of the last menstruation, when the egg was preparing for fertilization, are taken into account. This is the period when your unborn baby makes a serious “journey” through the fallopian tubes towards the uterus, which will become his house over the next nine months.
First trimester of pregnancy: what happens
The first trimester, as well as the next two three-month periods of bearing a child, has its own characteristic features. During this period, important processes occur in the body of the pregnant woman and the embryo, which set the course for the entire course of pregnancy. Depending on individual characteristics, each woman undergoes an early stage of pregnancy in different ways.
Almost constant companions of all mothers in the first weeks are:
- impassable fatigue
- headache and fainting
- depression and irritability
What happens to a child:
In the first three months, the embryo is actively developing. In the fifth week, serious processes take place in his body to establish important organs: the liver, kidneys and digestive system. At the sixth week, the baby completes the formation of the heart, which from this moment begins to contract. By the 12th week, the embryo is already completely similar to a man - its growth is 5-6 cm, and weight 9-14 g.
Nutrition during pregnancy 1 trimester
Nutrition in the first trimester is an urgent issue for women in labor suffering from toxicosis, against the background of which there is an absolute aversion to everything related to food. What to eat at an early date to provide the developing baby with all the necessary nutrients in full?
The diet and diet at an early stage is best chosen from your individual preferences, especially when toxicosis is raging and all the products in the eyes of a pregnant woman are divided into two categories - it is impossible to eat and acceptable. Fractional nutrition will help to deal with this problem - a little bit, but often.
What is good to eat and drink: boiled meat and fish, vegetable soups, fruits and vegetables in any form, dairy products. You need to give up everything fried, spicy and sour, although pickled cucumber or sauerkraut is better left on the menu - they cause appetite and help smooth out the symptoms of toxicosis.
A useful first trimester menu should include such dishes:
- Flakes of bran, granola and cereal,
- Light broth and vegetable stews and stews
- Fruit and vegetable salads,
- Meat and fish steaks, casseroles
- Milk puddings
Tests for pregnant women in the first trimester
The first trimester of pregnancy is the most intense in terms of medical examination. It is during this period that women are prescribed many tests to draw up the correct plan for monitoring the course of pregnancy.
The list of mandatory analyzes and examinations includes:
- blood for HIV / AIDS, for sexually transmitted infections, TORCH infections, hepatitis B and C, group and Rh factor, hemoglobin,
- general urine analysis,
- a smear on the microflora from the vagina,
- electrocardiogram of the heart.
Pregnancy in the first trimester
The first trimester is considered the most dangerous period of pregnancy, during which a miscarriage can occur. The main symptom of interruption and miscarriage is bleeding.
Very often in the first three months, expectant mothers have vaginal discharge of a different nature and shade. The norm is considered to be mucous discharge of a whitish hue, aggravated by the hormone of pregnancy - progesterone.
Urgently should consult a doctor if:
- Dark yellow, yellow, yellowish or brown discharge. They may indicate the presence of a sexual infection or fetal fading.
- White highlight curdled consistency. They are a sign of thrush, which can cause pathology in the fetus.
- Spotting or daubing that may be a sign of a miscarriage.
First trimester sex
In the 1st trimester, when future parents are not yet accustomed to their new status, the issue of sex becomes an acute question in married couples - is it possible or not? Obstetricians in the first trimester very much allow an intimate relationship with mothers, if there is no threat of miscarriage.
But at this stage, opponents of sex are often a woman who, against the background of a hormonal surge and constant malaise, has a desire to enter into an intimate relationship. This problem can be solved only individually. Psychologists recommend caring daddies not to despair and wait a bit - when the expectant mother “gets used” to pregnancy, she will definitely remember her husband, who needs her affection.
Sports during pregnancy first trimester
It is often difficult for future mothers leading an active lifestyle before pregnancy to give up sports. According to obstetricians, this is not worth doing, since today the concept of "not shaking" a child in the stomach is considered obsolete, and for easy delivery, gynecologists even advise women to go to the gym, but without fanaticism.
Of course, you should abandon training with increased physical activity, active running and swinging the abs. But riding a bicycle, swimming, yoga or gymnastics - these classes will even be useful for a future mother.
The first trimester of pregnancy: what is possible and what is not
The first trimester is a very important period in the development of the baby. What can and cannot be done in the first three months so as not to harm the baby?
Indeed, with the onset of pregnancy, women have to abandon many habits. But this does not mean that you need to radically change your lifestyle. At the same time, categorical “taboos” should still be familiarized with, as they promise a danger to the crumbs.
Categorical "not" first trimester:
- alcohol, cigarettes, coffee and soda,
- Staying in the sun
- physical exercise,
- toxic substances
- medicines without a doctor’s prescription.
- good rest,
- walks on a fresh vacation,
- sleep and healthy eating.
Pregnancy 1 trimester: what you need to know
This is the first time you become a mother and are taken aback when you see two stripes on the test, not knowing what to do first? The algorithm is simple: visit a gynecologist, register with a antenatal clinic, undergo the necessary examination and enjoy your interesting position.
At this stage, it is not necessary to give up work and travel, if they are planned. With good health and the absence of medical contraindications, flights are allowed on an airplane, so you can safely go to hot countries - this will not harm either the baby or the mother.
It is important to remember that during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, any colds and taking medications are dangerous. Even with a common cold, you should immediately visit a gynecologist and get qualified recommendations without self-medication using even those drugs that are sold without a prescription.
Tips for pregnant women in the first trimester
Factors that may have a negative effect on pregnancy in the first trimester can not be counted. But do not despair - it is possible to avoid problems when bearing a child.
The rules of the first trimester: calm and following all the recommendations of the gynecologist, proper rest and sleep, elimination of stress and overwork, healthy nutrition and a full drinking regimen.
And do not forget, bearing a child is not a disease that needs to be treated, but a wonderful condition presented to a woman by nature. Enjoy it, and then your pregnancy will pass as one happy moment.
Healthy Trimester Nutrition
What should a pregnant woman eat in the first trimester? Gynecologists strongly recommend increasing the amount of foods high in fiber. Such food is rich not only in various trace elements, but also in vitamins.
A woman who just found out about her pregnancy should love dairy products, cereals, vegetable oils. It is also recommended to use multivitamins. It is also better to abandon simple carbohydrates in favor of complex ones. Products with complex carbohydrates do not harm the figure and give a greater feeling of satiety.
So, the first trimester of pregnancy: what is possible, what is impossible from food? Healthy food:
- wholemeal bread,
- weak black or green tea, decoctions, all kinds of fruit drinks,
- greens (avoid excessive consumption of parsley, dill and salad),
- all kinds of vegetables (there are no restrictions)
- low-fat dairy products and milk,
- vegetable oils,
- dietary meat, such as rabbit or chicken,
- sweets such as marshmallows, marshmallows and honey,
- oily fish.
By the way, do not limit the consumption of meat. Many pregnant women complain of low hemoglobin in the blood. Eating meat products regularly will solve this problem.
Inexperienced mothers may ask a question: how much is the first trimester of pregnancy? So, the first trimester lasts 13 weeks, so at this stage it is especially important not to eat harmful foods, especially those that accumulate toxins in the body.
It is not recommended to use:
- hot bread, wheat flour bread,
- ice cream, chocolate and other similar sweets,
- smoked and salted products,
- canned meat,
- animal oil and fats,
- mayonnaise, vinegar and other similar products (the first trimester is generally remembered by women for constant nausea, and acute and acidic supplements exacerbate the situation),
- strong tea and coffee,
- instant foods, hamburgers, fried potatoes,
- sausages and sausages,
- meat broths
- dumplings and dumplings,
- fatty dairy products.
It was listed above that it is impossible for pregnant women in the first trimester. Such a list was developed by doctors. It is worth noting that most of these products create a large burden on the woman’s liver, and can also overload the stomach and gastrointestinal tract.
Sleep on the abdomen during pregnancy
How can I sleep in the first trimester of pregnancy? What can, what cannot be done while sleeping? These questions are most often asked by girls in position when visiting a gynecologist.
After the future mother finds out about her situation, she increasingly wants to lie on her stomach and fall asleep. But this desire is not a simple whim or even a hormonal disruption. Psychologically, the expectant mother is already trying to protect her baby from possible danger. But is it harmful?
So, at first glance, it might seem that you can sleep in the first trimester as they want, that is, without restrictions. However, it is not. In the first months, sleeping on the stomach is not recommended, but all because the body weight can put pressure on the uterus, thereby endangering the embryo in it. Of course, if a woman rarely rests in this position, then nothing dangerous will happen, but regular sleep on her stomach can cause some complications.
The most interesting thing is that when the stomach has already increased, and the baby is growing and developing intensively, doctors recommend giving up on rest and on the back. A large belly can squeeze deep veins and cause circulatory disorders.
Alcohol and pregnancy
Pregnancy involves some limitations. It is believed that the expectant mother is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol, especially in the early stages. Is it so? Will the baby really be harmed if mommy drank in the first trimester of pregnancy?
Such a ban really takes place. Drinks even with a small degree are not allowed to be consumed in the early stages. The fact is that alcohol is very quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, and from there it easily enters the placenta. If a pregnant woman often drinks alcohol, then the baby can be born with external defects, as well as with disorders of some organs.
A future mother can independently verify that alcohol, even in a small amount, adversely affects her body, and therefore also her baby’s body. For this, it is enough to take tests. The first trimester of pregnancy is very carefully monitored by doctors. They require constant blood and urine donation to monitor a woman’s health status.
Is sex allowed
It is no secret that during pregnancy, the expectant mother changes the hormonal background. An increase in the level of certain hormones affects the emotional state of a woman in different ways. Some do not want to have intimate relationships at all, and for some, sex in the first trimester becomes simply necessary. But are there any restrictions in terms of intimate relationships in the first months of pregnancy?
In general, doctors do not prohibit sex with pregnant women. During an orgasm, the expectant mother in large quantities produces endorphin, which is a hormone of happiness. It positively affects the development of the fetus. Sex also develops the pelvic muscles, which can come in handy during labor and delivery. However, restrictions do exist.
So, sex in the first trimester is prohibited only if there are contraindications. If a woman has a threat of miscarriage, an increased tone of the uterus, or a partner has a sexual infection, then it is better to exclude intimate relationships. This can lead to an abortion. If no violations were detected, then the woman is allowed to have sex at any time. It is only important to exclude pressure on the stomach, deep penetration and prolonged act.
Gynecologists also recommend abandoning uncomfortable poses and toys for adults. Early experimentation is undesirable, however desirable.
Visit to the dentist
Of course, any person should take care and carefully monitor the condition of their teeth, but sometimes problems arise when you do not expect them at all. For example, during pregnancy. When the expectant mother overtakes a toothache, she will have to visit a dentist, but in her head there will certainly be a question about whether teeth can be treated if only the first trimester of pregnancy is underway. What can, what is not, and what are the real limitations?
In fact, there are no prohibitions. To treat teeth during pregnancy, if necessary, is even highly recommended, and all due to the fact that toothache occurs due to the inflammatory process. If there is inflammation in the body of the expectant mother, then if untreated, this can adversely affect the baby's health.
It is worth saying that women very often note that during pregnancy their enamel condition worsens, teeth become more fragile and tooth decay appears more often. This is due to the fetus taking too many nutrients from the mother. Of course, you cannot leave your teeth in this condition. A pregnant woman is allowed all dental products and is not even forbidden to treat teeth with anesthesia. Moreover, now all the medicines are modern.
But what is forbidden during pregnancy is an x-ray, so the dentist must be chosen very carefully. An experienced specialist must carefully seal, since untreated canals or canals in which there will be too much material may cause the development of periodontitis in the future. Also, during the first trimester of pregnancy, it is not recommended to install dentures, crowns, and it is also better to refuse treatment in the office of an orthodontist. These procedures are not essential, so prosthetics or bite correction can be done after childbirth.
Pregnancy is a great time. Many women during this period try to get more positive emotions, walk and go on vacation. Может ли будущая мать летать на самолете? А может, лучше выбрать другое средство передвижения?
Гинекологи утвеждают, что нельзя беременным в первом триместре летать на самолетах. However, there is no scientific evidence that flights adversely affect fetal development. Despite this, the pregnant woman, who nevertheless decided to take the risk, is strongly recommended to undergo an ultrasound scan before the flight and pass all the necessary tests.
Flights are forbidden only to those women in whom pregnancy passes with some difficulties, and to those in whom the uterus is in good shape. Before boarding the plane, the future mother is recommended to show the stewardess a certificate from the doctor that she is not forbidden to fly, and buy pills for toxicosis. In the first trimester, it is advisable to have such medications always at hand.
During the flight in the early stages of pregnancy, it is strongly recommended that you walk, move more, and if a woman does not interfere with anyone, you can even do a little exercise. When the belly becomes more visible, during the flight, due to pressure surges, it is best to wear compression stockings. It is no secret that pregnancy has a negative effect on the condition of the veins of the expectant mother and contributes to the development of thrombosis.
Pregnancy and Weight Lifting
There is an opinion that a woman who is expecting a baby should not pick up heavy bags and other heavy objects. Moreover, physical activity in the first trimester is completely prohibited. Is it so? And what about that mom, in whom this is not the first pregnancy and the difference between the children is very small?
Doctors have a clear answer to this question. If a woman's pregnancy really passes with difficulties, and in the early stages the risk of miscarriage was recorded, then lifting weights is strongly not recommended. In this case, the husband should carry all the bags from the stores, and it is better to put older children only on their knees and in no case to raise them in their arms.
If there is no risk of miscarriage, there are no prohibitions on lifting, for example, bags. The only thing to be wary of is crushing the abdomen and a large deflection in the lumbar region. It is better for pregnant women to lift weights in this way:
- first you need to bend your knees a little,
- crouch with a straight back,
- after that it is recommended to take the bags carefully.
No abrupt movements can be made. When lifting, do not strain your back and abdomen. All the burden must be transferred to the legs and arms.
Well, in general, of course, without unnecessary need to carry heavy objects is not worth it. It is better for the future mother to accompany her husband or other family members during the shopping trip.
Fears of pregnant in the first trimester
A woman in early pregnancy is very vulnerable and impressionable. Among future women in labor, a huge number of fables and fictions “walk” about what can negatively affect the development of the fetus, as well as what pathologies can harm the baby and how they will later affect the woman’s health after childbirth.
Most often, a huge number of fears and rumors revolve around such an ailment as cervical erosion. Many women learn about this pathology when the first trimester of pregnancy lasts. How many women would have an abortion if erosion was an indication for abortion?
It is believed that cervical erosion after childbirth can degenerate into a malignant tumor, although this is not at all the case.
In fact, for a pregnant woman, erosion is not terrible. It cannot degenerate into cancer, and natural birth certainly does not affect this process in any way. For a future mother, dysplasia is much more dangerous, which means the detection of cancer cells in the cervix. Dysplasia is established by taking a cytological smear. However, even cancer cells detected are not indications for abortion. A gynecologist can only recommend terminating a pregnancy. But even after receiving recommendations, a woman must independently decide whether to give birth to her or not.
Consequences of non-compliance with recommendations
Compliance with all simple recommendations will help a woman to transfer the first months of pregnancy easily and without consequences. It is worth remembering that the nutrition of a pregnant woman in the first trimester should be balanced. Do not neglect the advice of doctors. The correct behavior of the future mother will allow the baby to begin to develop as necessary.
I must say that future mothers, who fulfill all the requirements of doctors, practically do not suffer from toxicosis, feel great and do not feel almost any discomfort. In addition, maintaining a healthy lifestyle allows you to protect the developing fetus from the appearance of various congenital pathologies. The mother's mood rises, she is transformed externally, which also helps the baby develop normally.