Health Information

10 myths about baby food


So much has been written about the nutrition of children on the Internet that it is not “in the subject,” as they say today, not that difficult, practically impossible, to separate myths from reality - “grains from tares” to a person In any case, it was very difficult for me, who had long raised children and had just started to educate her grandchildren.

The opinion formed on this topic by parents, grandparents should be based on some medical recommendations. The approaches of Varvara Leshchinsky were close to me.

“A spoon for mom ...”

Do not force children to eat when they do not feel like it. Even if you think they are hungry.

Some mothers (and dads) think that the main thing is for the child to eat everything that was put to him, and then he will be full. Persuasion (“Spoon for Mom”, etc.), requests (“Well, eat, please”), orders (“Eat, I tell you”), threats (“Until you eat, you won’t leave the table "). And the child has to eat, even if he does not want to eat. Alas, there is no need to talk about the benefits here, since food in this case is poorly digested, which means that the child takes another step to the gastrointestinal pathology.

Vladimir Levy writes: “The firmly expressed conviction has to be repeated:“ DO NOT FORCE FOR FOOD. Making eat is unnatural. "No living creature in Nature eats under duress and does not force young to eat ..."

You need to eat according to the mode

In reality, the child needs to be fed when he wants to eat, and not according to the time of the "mythical" regime.

Dr. B. Spock describes such an experience. Children from nine months to one and a half years old were given the opportunity to eat what they want by putting various dishes in front of them. The combination of the selected products turned out to be somewhat unusual (for example, a herring with a cake, etc.), but the selection of nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, etc.) corresponded to modern scientific recommendations. So give me free rein! In the end, a diet is developed that matches my nature. ”

"Eat it, it's very useful ..."

Do not force children to eat what they do not want. If the taste of the child is not perverted and the metabolism is not broken, then it is worth asking what he would like to eat.

A child often feels intuitively what products his body needs at the moment.

Listen to his wishes.

For a child to grow, meat is needed every day

Every day, eating meat is also harmful for adults, not to mention children. The fact is that meat is digested heavily and slowly, it can overexert the digestive system. In addition, excess heavy food allergens the body. According to experts, children need at least two fasting days a week. Doctors note that it is undesirable to introduce meat into a child’s diet before the 8th month of life. The later you do, the better for the baby.

For the child to recover, he needs to eat more

It is not recommended to eat more than you want, more than you need to satisfy your hunger. This is a fairly common mistake. Many people think that you need to eat more, even through force, forcing yourself, and then you can gain weight. But this is not entirely true - excess food is usually not absorbed properly in such cases and only leads to clogging of the body.

If a child moves a lot and enjoys it, successfully plays sports - and eats a little, it means that he simply processes everything well. It is necessary to rejoice.

In order for the child to recover, you need to eat sweets

Oddly enough, but if you want your child to get better, it is recommended to completely exclude sweets from his diet. This is explained by the fact that sweets in thin people are directly used as fuel, and their body, accustomed to the receipt of energy in its finished form, “does not want to” put off nutrients for the future. And, very importantly, do not force the child to eat by force.

Fatty foods need to be limited

Recently, nutritionists recommend reducing the amount of fat in food.

Many adults "transfer" these recommendations to children. However, it should be remembered that the diet of children and adults should be different. As for fats, American researchers have found that a fat-free diet in children reduces visual acuity and inhibits brain development and leads to high cholesterol in adulthood.

The fact is that for the growth of the brain and the development of the ocular retina, fatty acids, such as omega-3, contained in fish and vegetable oil, are necessary.

Professor Bernhard Henning notes: “There is no evidence that fat reduction has a beneficial effect on the children's body. But we know many cases when a lack of fat becomes dangerous for the health of children. "

Baby is the best

Parents often like to repeat that they try to give their children the “best”, and they often refuse to eat it. So you have to sometimes force. This is explained by concern for the health of the baby. However, this practice has nothing to do with caring for the physical and mental health of the child.

Studies by experts of the American Association of Dietitians have shown that even those children who ate the worst, get a 100% norm of vitamins, nutrients recommended by pediatricians. How does this happen? Scientists believe that a distinctive feature of the body of young children is a high ability to self-regulate, which is lost as they grow older.

In addition, our ideas about the “best” are often based on illusions.

Feeding children delicacies, we do not even suspect that they need a slightly different food. American scientists, who compared the data of a detailed menu of 4,600 four-year-old babies and their peers born four decades later examined in those years, concluded: “The diet of preschoolers in the early 50s gave them a much better life start than modern food - for their children and grandchildren ".

That food was homemade, cooked in small quantities and not designed for long-term storage. It was boiled meat, cereals, bread, potatoes, vegetables, milk and tea. Professor Michael Wodsworth, a nutritionist, notes: “Vitamins, minerals, etc., the children then received directly from food, and not in the form of tablets or vitamins dissolved in soda.

1. Do not use wooden cutting boards for meat

It is believed that when using a knife on a wooden board, microscopic scratches and depressions will appear in which the smallest particles of raw meat and bacteria will remain. It would seem better to use plastic boards that are easy to wash and disinfect.

However, research refutes this belief. Dean O. Cliver of the University of California discovered Plastic and Wooden Cutting Boards. that plastic boards give no significant antibacterial benefit.

Even if bacteria are specially placed on a wooden board, the natural properties of the tree will not allow them to multiply. All bacteria trapped in cracks on a wooden surface gradually die.

Cliver tested boards of ten types of wood and four types of plastic. The result was unexpected. If you cut the working surface of a plastic and wooden board with a sharp knife, onto which the bacteria got and then cleaned by hand, more bacteria can be found in plastic rather than in wood.

Therefore, no matter what cutting board you use, simply carefully care for it and disinfect the work surface. And do not buy boards that promise a special bactericidal coating. This is just a marketing ploy.

2. If you add salt to the water, it will boil faster

This is still being said not only by housewives, but also by professional chefs, but anyone who knows chemistry will tell you that the amount of salt that we add during cooking will not affect the boiling point of water at all.

Yes, strictly speaking, salt changes the boiling point of water, but it all depends on its concentration. To significantly speed up the boiling of water, one would have to add and completely dissolve so much salt that the resulting dish would eventually become inedible.

The amount of salt that we usually add during cooking changes the boiling point of water at best by only a few tenths of a degree.

3. Fat-free foods are healthier.

Without fats, the human body will not be able to absorb most of the nutrients necessary for survival. In addition, a lack of fat leads to various interruptions in the functioning of the nervous system.

Adequate amounts of the right fats only help with weight loss and lower cholesterol.

Look at the composition of the products in the store and consider the purchase, and do not reach for low-fat products on the machine, because you heard somewhere that they are more useful. Most low-fat foods contain few “good” and many “bad” fats, as well as many supplements and substitutes (such as sugar and sodium).

Try to include monounsaturated fats (avocados, pecans, almonds, peanuts) and omega-3 fatty acids (chia seeds, seaweed, salmon) in your diet.

4. Dairy products are the best source of calcium.

Many believe that there is nothing better than dairy products for health and strengthening bones. Yes, dairy products contain vitamin D and calcium, but it is also found in dark leafy greens (kale, spinach).

But the strength of the bones depends not only on calcium and vitamin D. Vitamin K is not less important (it is found in leafy greens, but not in dairy products) and magnesium (is found in almonds, cashews, oatmeal, potatoes, but not in milk) .

If you care about your bones, do not limit yourself to only milk. Include other sources of calcium in your diet: kale, leaf mustard, kale, bok choy.

5. You need to drink eight glasses of water per day

Water has recently been advertised as a cure for all ills. Of course, it is necessary for the normal functioning of the body, but eight glasses a day will not save you from all the problems.

The universal amount of water that everyone should drink does not exist. You don’t have to stick to a certain amount of water per day, just drink it when you feel like it. Nutrition is an individual matter. Sometimes the body may need less, and sometimes more than the average rate of water.

And do not forget that the body receives water from any liquids, fruits and vegetables. A sign of a sufficient water content in the body is the light color of urine.

6. Foods high in sodium are salty in taste, so salty foods should be avoided

This is especially important for those who monitor their salt and sodium intake because of the risk of developing hypertension or diabetes. The difficulty is that not all foods high in sodium taste salty. Its many 25 Surprisingly Salty Processed Foods. in different sauces, pastries, convenience foods and fast food.

Therefore, do not forget to look at the composition of products in the store and find out what your favorite dishes in cafes and restaurants consist of (many have this information on the site).

7. If you have eggs, your cholesterol level will rise.

Saturated fats and trans fats affect your blood cholesterol. Eggs contain very few saturated fats (approximately 1.5 g of fat in one large egg), and there are no trans fats at all. Scientists consider Eggs: Are they good or bad for my cholesterol? that of the amount of cholesterol that is in the yolk, only an insignificant part enters the bloodstream.

The complete exclusion of eggs from the diet due to fear of cholesterol will not give you anything, but it can only do harm. By abstaining from eggs, you are depriving yourself of 13 vitamins and minerals, as well as a delicious breakfast.

8. Aluminum foil and utensils associated with Alzheimer's disease

This myth was especially prevalent in America in the 1980s and 1990s, and although it is now not so popular, some still believe in it. This is because in the course of studies conducted in the 1960-1970s, an increased level of aluminum was found in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease. After that, many began to avoid aluminum utensils and even foil.

However, a lot of research has been done since then. Scientists now confident Aluminum - is there a link to Alzheimer’s disease? that most of the aluminum that enters the body is processed by the kidneys and excreted in the urine.

9. Crust on fried meat helps keep it more juicy

In the XIX century, the German chemist Justus von Liebig was one of the first to suggest that if you cook the meat at a very high temperature, the resulting crust will not let the liquid inside, so the meat will be juicier.

Only during his experiment, Liebig compared the amount of liquid and nutrients in one piece of meat, slowly boiled in water, and in another, fried on a very hot surface. Naturally, the fried meat turned out to be more juicy, because everything was simply boiled from the first piece.

Popular author Harold McGee, in his book On Food and Cooking, described an experiment that compared meat with and without crust. Both pieces were prepared in the same way. It turned out that meat fried to a crust is less juicy than meat without a crust.

10. Do not eat after six or seven in the evening

More importantly, what do you eat during the day. Food eaten after six in the evening does not magically turn into fat. This advice “helps” lose weight only because the total number of calories per day is reduced.

This myth appeared due to a misunderstanding of the digestive system. It seems to people that if you go to bed on a full stomach, a slowdown in metabolic processes in the body will lead to the fact that all the food eaten will turn into fat deposits. This statement is only partially true, and even then not for everyone.

Although metabolism during sleep does slow down, it does not stop completely. Food in the stomach is still digested.

Of course, you will not lose weight if you eat poorly, do not get up from the table all day and do not play sports. It doesn’t matter what time you eat dinner - at five or seven.

If you go to bed very late and have dinner at five or six in the evening because you want to lose weight, this will not help you. You just skip one meal, which is quite dangerous if you are trying to lose weight. The body will turn on starvation mode. The next time you eat, there will be a release of hormones that will make you eat more than usual. As a result, you only harm yourself.

Listen to common sense: if some advice or a new magic diet is too good to be true, or suitable for everyone without exception, most likely this is another myth. It is better to be skeptical of such information and try to check it in reliable sources.

Myth 1: Parents should ensure that children eat everything to the last spoon.

What tricks sometimes adults do not resort to, so that the baby ate everything that lies on the plate. Persuasion, pleas, and sometimes even threats are used! If the crumb sluggishly sifts through the contents of the plate and can’t finish eating his portion, the matter can reach a scandal. Meanwhile, in such cases, it is not worth putting pressure on the child. Well-known Russian psychologist Vladimir Levy claims that forcing to eat is an unnatural activity: “No creature in nature eats under duress and does not force young to eat”. And indeed it is! Nutrition is not just a need, but also the body’s willingness to accept and assimilate food. If the baby eats through power, it can be fraught with digestive upset or the development of food allergies.

Myth 2: Healthy eating is not suitable for children.

Parents often complain that their child does not like vegetables and fruits, but he eats harmful foods with pleasure. However, it should be understood that eating habits are formed precisely in the family. And if in most cases a family eats fried potatoes with sandwiches and drinks it all with cola, then what kind of carrot cutlets can we talk about? Naturally, they will not eat crumbs, as well as soups and sliced ​​vegetables. Manufacturers of junk food are putting a lot of effort to “plant” people on their products. Even adults can not cope with this pressure of aroma, taste and colorful advertising - so what about small children? Prove to the baby that healthy nutrition is delicious and he will never want to eat something else.

Myth 3: Children should be chubby, so they should eat as much as possible.

This is fundamentally false statement. Babies should eat as much as their body requires. If we talk about the presence of excess weight in a child, then genetics or malnutrition are of the greatest importance. If the crumbs are overweight, it is best to consult a pediatrician who will tell you what is the norm and what is the deviation.

Myth 4: Meat is incredibly good for the growth and development of children.

In fact, meat dishes are heavy food for the baby’s digestive system. Children should be given meat in very moderate amounts. Otherwise, such food will do more harm to the child’s body than good. Begin to introduce meat dishes into the child’s diet should be no earlier than 8 months of age, while focusing on dietary and easily digestible meat.

Myth 5: You need to quickly attach the baby to adult food.

Многие считают, что после того как малыш перешел на твердую пищу, необходимо как можно скорее приучать его ко «взрослому» питанию — к оладьям, домашним соленьям, колбасе и т. п. Мол, чем быстрее ребенок приспособится к такой пище — тем лучше. Но это заблуждение! Детский организм не способен воспринимать большинство продуктов, которые употребляют взрослые. And every time when parents feed the child fried potatoes or pickles, the baby’s liver, kidneys and stomach suffer, the water-salt balance is disturbed (and this even if you do not take into account the harmful dyes and preservatives that are part of modern food products) . Accustom the baby to eat on an equal basis with adults should be gradually and carefully.

Myth 6: Babies Must Be Involved In Good Nutrition

Healthy nutrition only benefits when it is appropriate and necessary. The famous American pediatrician Benjamin Spock once conducted an experiment with children, as a result of which it turned out that if you give the kids freedom to eat anything, they will use all the proteins, fats and carbohydrates required for their health, relying only on their inner natural flair. Children have a perverted taste, and always subtly feel what their body needs. Therefore, if on one day the baby eats up porridge with pleasure, and on the other - only bites fruits and vegetables, this is normal.

Myth 7: You should always adhere to a certain diet

Recommended rates are good. However, do not forget that every child is an individual with his own personal needs. It is only on demand to feed a child, when he really wants it, and his body is ready to absorb food. Feeding strictly according to the regime and regardless of the true needs of the child can adversely affect the child's body and contributes to digestion.

Myth 8: Children's multivitamins are extremely beneficial for babies.

This myth has existed since the time when the appearance of vitamin complexes was a real discovery, and many doctors recommended their use to almost everyone. In civilized countries, a clear lack of vitamins is quite rare, but their excess carries a really harmful effect on a growing organism. It will be much more useful to visit a nutritionist and develop with him a proper nutrition scheme for a child than to introduce such drugs on a regular basis in a children's diet. Vitamins can help to strengthen the baby during the recovery period, as well as intense physical and psycho-emotional stress.

Myth 9: There should be no fatty foods in the baby’s diet.

Such a recommendation may be appropriate for an adult, but it is not worth projecting it on a children's diet. Children need fatty foods, but in moderation. Lack of fat reduces visual acuity, interferes with the normal development of internal organs and the nervous system. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (Omega-3 and Omega-6) are an essential part of a child’s diet. Healthy fats prevail in cold pressed fish and vegetable oils. To maintain good health, they should be consumed in sufficient quantities. For these purposes, it is very convenient to use fish oil in gelatin capsules, which has neither taste nor smell.

Myth 10: Sweet fruits interrupt appetite before lunch

In fact, fruits only fuel the feeling of hunger. They are low-calorie, and the sweeter the fetus, the greater the jump in insulin it will cause. A child who enjoys such a sweetness will get hungry much faster and will be more willing to accept the food that his parents will subsequently offer him. However, this does not apply to fruit juices, when consumed on an empty stomach, they drain the pancreas.

It is worth noting that in the off-season, when supermarket shelves abound in overseas products, it is best to limit the child's consumption of exotic fruits. Such fruits are difficult to digest even the stomach of an adult, and in the nursery there are not even any enzymes suitable for this. The use of such treats by a baby can lead to an upset stomach or food allergies.

Remember that proper nutrition, first of all, involves comfort and rational consumption of food. Take care of your children correctly!